Welcome to the article where we look at the companies in the gaming hardware, game streaming sectors and evaluate the preferences. The gaming world continues to develop in terms of hardware and software every day. Game Streaming services are also gaining popularity. Gaming sector, which is already making good gains with the increase in time spent at home, has increased the gears for its momentum. Every day we hear about a seed investment news about the gaming world. Giants purchase new game startups. Let’s take a look at gaming pc, game console, online game streaming companies together and focus on preferences.
The gaming experience that came into our lives years ago with the combination of case+monitor. Sector has diversified in terms of game hardware today. As a result many brands now serves player-specific sub-brands or direct player-specific companies.
When we look at HP, it is in this sector with its OMEN sub-brand. Asus operates in this area with the ROG series, short for Republic of Gamers. Under Dell, the Alienware brand appeals to gamers. Lenovo also appeals to the gaming industry under the Legion brand. Casper is in the sector with Excalibur brand. MSI company is in the sector with several different series. Monster, on the other hand, positions itself as a gaming computer as a Turkish company.
Sony Gaming Hardwares
Sony has been producing products and services for people’s entertainment and electronics needs in different sectors for years. It is among the brands that have spread Japan’s reputation all over the world. Today, it appears with Sony Pictures entertainment brand in the film industry. Sony Music Entertainment in the music industry and Sony Interactive Entertainment in game production. These companies are related to the content part. In addition, there is a parent company produces electronic products that will consume these contents. It is also a leading company in many fields in the electronics section. It makes very high quality devices in the field of sound systems and television. Playstation rules gaming hardware sectors side to side with Microsoft.
Gaming consoles at Sony are one of the most successful areas of the company. With Playstation brand managed to become a brand that has been driving gamers for years. In doing so, they were not only interested in hardware. They made a 360 degree ecosystem. With its studios that release AAA-quality games, Playstation attracted many players. Due to the pandemic, demand for gaming systems peaked. On the production side, companies experienced problems in the supply chain. Therefore, after years of good performance with the Playstation 4, they are unable to keep up with the demands of the market with the Playstation 5.
It is a subscription service created by Sony for Playstion. Each month, you are entitled to 2 or 3 special games for that month, online game modes, and exclusive discounts to PSN members. You can have it with prices such as 240 liras for 12 months, 100 liras for 3 months and 40 liras per month in Turkey.
As an IT company, Microsoft has tried to expand its software journey that began with Windows into every technological space it can touch. The Xbox ecosystem has also been one of the best reflections of this. At this point, on the game hardware side, the console has very powerful gaming hardware like Series x. Series s and one x try to appeal to every pouch. Although prices are high in the conditions of our country Turkey, price performance is good. It allows you to play recent games less cost than buying a gaming PC.
Microsoft not only provides gaming hardware, but it also provides game service with gamepass. With the Gamepass platform, it provides onboarding services to new games and does some kind of retention work. It allows the customer to experience the game for certain periods of time. Also offering people the opportunity to get it at a discount with a gamepass discount. Beyond these it allocates resources to gaming companies from this subscription system as long as it is inside. It has a growing catalog by incorporating platforms such as Eaplay.
Microsoft has gaming studios and buying new game studios. Recently bought Beatshade for as much as $7.5 billion and immediately added games to its gamepass catalog permanently. Their own game studios already have very good games. Let’s count a few of these. It has AAA quality games such as Forza series, Minecraft, Gears of War, Microsoft Flight Simulator.
Nintendo Gaming Hardware
Nintendo started the world of entertainment with cards in 1889. The company, which has managed to become the first company that comes to mind when it comes to consoles in its long-term life in gaming hardware. It has managed to improve itself over the years and put its name on the list of best-selling consoles. Switch has a mixed structure console, you can play in handheld mode or connected to a TV. It has self-produced hit games such as Super Mario, Zelda, while hundreds of games from outside game studios are open to this platform.
Geforce Now is a subscription-based online game streaming access platform by Nvdia. Nvdia decided to take part in this world online after years of gaming hardware production. In this structure, it does not provide access to games. In fact, access to the hardware that will play the games is provided. At an average speed of 25 mbps, it is able to play full hd games in full detail on the Internet. It’s just a computer to use as a terminal. Limited access is available on Steam, epic, uplay. In Turkey, it has signed with Turkcell and provides services through a site called Gameplus. For starters, the three-month package is 149.70 TL and the monthly package is 74.90 TL.
Google has many online services. It didn’t distance itself from the online game streaming experience. Company wanted to get a slice of the cake. There is currently no access to this service in our country. At 10 mbit, it streams games to you regardless of hardware.
It’s part of Microsoft’s effort to make the Xbox ecosystem available online. It has not yet been made available in our country. Microsoft has now moved out of the era of closed ecosystems. Microsoft chose the way to touch customers and get more contact. From here, it’ll get a nice slice of the cake with its portfolio of games.
In terms of price performance, the console, computer and online environments, eveyone can choose different ways. It’s all about meeting personal expectations. If you want to play games from Playstation Studios, you will turn to Playsation. If you want to reach hundreds of games with the Gamepass structure, you will turn to PC or Xbox series consoles. Do you like Super Mario and Nintendo games, than you should choose Switch. If you say you’re going to be a cloud player regardless of hardware, you need to move on with the Geforcenow platform, Xcloud or Stadia. The initial investment costs of each gaming harware and the continuity costs for you to continue afterwards are completely different. You on one side of the scale and your preferences on the other. It’s up to you to make your choice properly and capture the price performance.
The entertainment industry is undoubtedly one of the sectors most affected by the Covid-19 virus, and things suddenly stopped in cinema and tv. Many productions have stopped their activities during the filming phase and postponed their work. Billions of dollars worth productions, easy-to-get to the language, and hundreds of thousands of employees, the majority of which charge hourly wages. There is a workforce of thousands of people who work behind scenes that you’ve seen for a few seconds; cameraman, light, stuntman, cast, from the carpenter who made the set, tailors who make the dresses. These workers are unable to do business because of the virus spread.
Netflix has not been insensitive to the situation that workers have fallen into, but has generated a $100 million fund. In the first place for movie industry, Netflix’s original productions of $80 million and other 20 will be distributed to other associations and foundations in the cinema industry and transmitted to employees.
The big studios began to give the movies to the cinema in a stock situation on an internet platform. There is no doubt that those who have moved their business to digital will receive a lot of their investments in the process. Internet platforms seem to be gaining a lot of subscribers.
Services such as Netflix, Amazon, Apple TV and Disneyplus are so popular that they have caused internet infrastructure to collapse in many european countries. Therefore, countries wanted loads on infrastructure would be reduced with a ratio of 25%. This causes a decrease in the image quality they give decreases.There is a quality decreasing but prices are same.. It’s time to thank you for being very healthy from the complaint, these days. As a result, when the general internet infrastructure becomes inoperable with 4k films, no one will be able to get efficiency from the Internet.
In the past two weeks, many producers from the television and cinema industry in Turkey have stopped working considering the health of production teams. TRT, Lemon productions, Ay yapım, such as the sector companies announced that they have suspended their work for two to three weeks.
At Holywood, producers such as Warner Bros, Disney, Netflix and Amazon suspended their work until virus effect vanishes.. Let’s look at which productions are affected by title:
Affected Productions in Tv:
“The Witcher” – Netflix
“The Handmaid’s Tale” – The Hulu
“Lord of the Rings” – The Amazon series,
“The Goldbergs” and “Schooled” – ABC
“Loki,” “Falcon and the Winter Solider,” and “WandaVision” – Disney
“Shrunk” – Disney .“Mission Impossible: 7” –Paramount Pictures
Within the conditions of virus, phsycologies of people so much. If they finish productions and go to theaters stage, there will be no demand. We’ve been going through a situation that can have a psychological impact on people for a long time. This seems to lead to a transformation in the industry. Competition in terms of Internet platforms will escalate. Whoever has the right to first release and who has more productions will be ahead in the race.
Investments on home entertainment systems will also increase exponentially. For quality time to be spent at home, people will tend to spend on money where they feel lacking, after this crises is overtaken. Everyone should already make their plans and prepare themselves for healthy days for the transformation. Let’s stay home and get rid of this virus, we can do it, world!
As a result of the transactions that are in your company each month, it is necessary to obtain meaningful data by providing the final form of your transactions reflected in the accounting section in the form of numbers. Depending on who will benefit from the data obtained, there can be different preparation methods. What are Accounting Methods and Reporting Standards, let’s examine together.
Whoever is going to read the financial data is usually the standards set by them and this data is prepared according to their wishes. Different specializations in finance and accounting are formed in these details. Some areas can be: management accounting, cost accounting, receivables accounting, tax accounting, financial accounting.
Standards may vary depending on the country in which they are studied, such as GAAP, TFRS,
There are tax-oriented reporting standards, such as a uniform account plan, as well as CMB reporting standards for capital markets. You will have the opportunity to examine them in detail in other articles.
Most importantly, there’s boss accounting. That’s always on your boss’s mind. In the form of a grocery account, we sold this price at this price, so much tax, on the due date, with the money coming from there, it takes this, etc… he keeps turning the fox’s tails around so that they don’t touch each other in the head. If there’s a mistake, he just pastes it, says, “Hoop friend, it’s got to be here,” but there’s something he’s forgotten, and he comes in there, and you say, “There’s something that’s going to happen, but there’s something that he doesn’t tell you, and then the plan changes. The joke aside, it may be the part that fits most of us’ lives, but what’s important is that you have someone consulting or someone with you where expertise isn’t enough.
It may not be easy to get out of the numbers, but there’s no need to be afraid. With a little financial literacy, you can get out of the numbers that are growing in your eyes like a mountain. One of the essential requirements when entering a business is financial literacy. Most people can’t keep up the bill, so they have to shut down. It is essential to acquire competencies such as our own personal development and the ability to make sense of the reports that come our way.
If financial literacy is not acquired, you will find that your pockets are most affected. A lot of people don’t give their bills to their accountant properly, but they expect the right results from their accounting, and there’s a lot of people who make the mistake of always focusing on the sale.
A few recommendations
What you need to do;
Earn Financial Literacy, develop it personally.
Make feasibility when you start work, don’t get away with it without seeing the stream.
You can’t know everything, you have financial and legal counsel.
What you shouldn’t do;
doing things in the head of the grocery account
Not to consult anyone when you say I know everything.
Living and saying we’ll see and doing unplanned work
I hope you enjoyed my article on Accounting Methods and Reporting Standards.
The board of directors is a board of people who manage an institution with a common mind. The powers, duties and responsibilities of the board of directors are determined by legal regulations and by the internal statutes of the institutions themselves.
In this context, let’s examine the board structure in joint stock companies, which is the most commercial for-profit organization structure that we encounter most in our commercial life.
Board of Directors of Joint Stock Companies
Article 359 of the Turkish Commercial Code no. 6102, which is legally the head of the governing body of joint stock companies, is the first of its kind. Article 1. in the paragraph; “the joint stock company has a board of directors consisting of one or more persons appointed by the original contract or elected by the general assembly.”
I – Appointment and selection
1. Number and qualifications of members
ARTICLE 359- (1) The joint stock company has a board of directors consisting of one or more persons appointed by the original contract or elected by the general assembly. (Mülga last sentence: 26/6/2012-6335/42 md.) (…)
(2) If a legal person is elected as a member of the board of directors, only one real person, as determined by the legal entity on behalf of the legal entity, shall be registered and declared together with the legal entity; furthermore, the registration and announcement is immediately disclosed on the company’s website. On behalf of the legal entity, only this registered person can attend meetings and vote.
(3) The members of the Board of Directors and the real person to be registered on behalf of the legal entity must be fully qualified. (Mülga second and third sentence: 26/6/2012-6335/42 md.)
(4) The reasons for terminating membership are also prevented from being elected.
2. Representation of certain groups on the board of directors
ARTICLE 360- (1) Provided that it is foreseen in the original contract, certain share groups may be granted the right to be represented on the board of directors of the shareholders and the minority, who form a specific group with their characteristics and qualifications. For this purpose, the right to propose candidates for board membership may be granted in the original contract, as can be foreseen in the original contract in which the members of the board of directors will be selected from among the shareholders, certain share groups and minorities that constitute a particular group.
The candidate proposed by the General Assembly for the membership of the board of directors or the candidate belonging to the group and the minority where the right is recognized must be elected as a member unless there is a justcause. The right to be recognized in this way shall not exceed half the number of board members in publicly traded joint stock companies. Arrangements for independent board members are reserved.
(2) The shares granted the right to be represented in the board of directors in accordance with this article shall be deemed privileged.
ARTICLE 361- (1) If the losses that the members of the Board of Directors may inflict on the company for defects in performing their duties are insured at a price exceeding twenty-five percent of the company’s capital and the company is thus guaranteed, this issue is open to the public. the capital markets board of companies, as well as the stock exchange is traded in the bulletin of the stock exchange and is taken into account in the evaluation of compliance with corporate governance principles.
ARTICLE 362- (1) Members of the Board of Directors are elected to serve for a maximum of three years. If there is no contrary provision in the original contract, the same person may be re-elected.
(2) Article 334 is reserved.
II – Membership vacancy
Article 363- (1) If a membership is vacant for any reason, with the provision of Article 334 reserved, the board of directors shall temporarily elect a member of the board of directors and submit it to the approval of the first general assembly. The member elected in this way shall serve until the plenary session where it is submitted for approval and, if approved, completes the term of his predecessor.
(2) If a member of the Board of Directors is declared bankrupt or his or her license is restricted, or if a member loses the legal requirements for membership or the qualifications stipulated in the original contract, his membership shall be it ends spontaneously.
III – Dismissal
ARTICLE 364- (1) Members of the Board of Directors may be dismissed at any time by the decision of the general assembly, even if they are appointed by the original contract, in the presence of a relevant article on the agenda or if there is a justcause, even if there is no item on the agenda. The legal entity, which is a member of the board of directors, may change the person registered in his or her name at any time.
(2) Article 334 and the right of compensation of the deposed member are reserved.
Management and Representation in Joint Stock Companies
The joint stock company is managed and represented by the board of directors.
1-President and Vice President
ARTICLE 366- The Board of Directors elects a chairman from among its members each year and at least one deputy chairman to act as its deputy when it is not present. In the original contract, the election of the president and the vice-president, or one of them, by the general assembly can be foreseen.
(2) The Board of Directors may establish committees and commissions, including members of the board of directors, for the purpose of monitoring the progress of the works, preparing reports on the subjects to be presented to them, implementing their decisions or auditing internally.
3-Transfer of Management, Internal Guidelines
ARTICLE 367- (1) The Board of Directors may be authorized to transfer management, in whole or in part, to one or more board members or third parties, in accordance with an internal directive to be put into the original contract. This internal directive regulates the management of the company; the tasks, definitions, locations required for this, specifically determine who depends on whom and who is responsible for providing information. The Board of Directors informs its shareholders and creditors who convincingly demonstrate their interests worth protecting in writing about this internal directive.
(2) The management belongs to all members of the board of directors, unless transferred.
4. Commercial agents and regents
ARTICLE 368- (1) The Board of Directors may appoint commercial representatives and commercial representatives.
5. Obligation of care and commitment
ARTICLE 369- (1) The members of the Board of Directors and the third persons in charge of management are obliged to carry out their duties with the care of a discreet manager and to observe the company’s interests in accordance with the rules of honesty.
(2) The provisions of Article 203 to 205 are reserved.
Ii. Authority of representation
1. If the original contract does not otherwise foresee or the board consists of a single person, the authority to represent belongs to the board of directors for use with double signatures.
(2) The Board of Directors may delegate the authority of representation to one or more executive members or to third parties as directors. It is imperative that at least one board member has the authority to represent.
2. Scope and limits
ARTICLE 371- (1) Those authorized to represent may carry out any business and legal proceedings that fall within the scope of the company’s purpose and business, on behalf of the company, and may use the company title for this purpose. The company reserves the right of retribution for transactions contrary to the law and the original contract.
(2) The transactions made by those authorized to represent with third parties outside the subject of the business also bind the company; it turns out that the third party knows that the transaction is outside the business subject, or that the situation is in a position to know. The fact that the company’s original contract has been announced is not sufficient evidence in itself, in terms of proof of this point.
(3) The limitation of the authority of representation shall not constitute a provision against third parties with good will; however, registration and declared limitations apply to the registration and contingent of the representation authority that is specific to or used in the works of the centre or a branch office.
(4) The fact that the transaction made by the persons authorized to represent is contrary to the original contract or the decision of the general assembly does not prevent third parties of goodwill from applying to the company for that transaction.
(5) The company is responsible for the torts committed by those authorized to represent or manage while performing their duties. The company reserves the right to remedy.
(6) At the time of the conclusion of the contract, the validity of the contract between this shareholder and the company in the joint stock companies with a single shareholder, whether or not the company is represented or not, depends on the written execution of the contract. This requirement does not apply to contracts for daily, insignificant and ordinary transactions according to market conditions.
3. signature shape
ARTICLE 372- (1) Persons authorized to sign on behalf of the Company shall sign under the title of the company. The provision of the second paragraph of article 40 is reserved.
(2) The documents to be issued by the Company show the company’s headquarters, the location of the register and the registration number.
4. Registration and announcement
ARTICLE 373- (1) The Board of Directors shall submit a notarized version of its decision, which shows the persons authorized to represent and the forms of representation thereof, to the trade register for registration and announcement.
(2) After the registration of the authority of representation in the trade register, any legal disability relating to the selection or appointment of the persons concerned shall be provided by the company to third parties, but only if the disability is proven to be known to them. Spread.
III – Tasks and powers
1. In general
ARTICLE 374- (1) The Board of Directors and the management in the field left to it, except those left in the authority of the general assembly in accordance with the law and the original contract, shall be subject to all kinds of business and transactions necessary for the realization of the company’s business is authorized to make decisions.
2. Non-transferable duties and powers
ARTICLE 375- (1) The non-transferable and indispensable duties and powers of the Board of Directors are as follows:
a) The management of the Company at the high estuary and the issuance of instructions on them.
b) Determination of the company’s governing body.
c) Accounting, financial audit and the company’s to the extent required by the management, the establishment of the necessary order for financial planning.
d) The appointment and dismissal of directors and persons with the same function and those authorized to sign.
e) The persons in charge of the management, in particular the laws, oversight of whether they are acting in accordance with the contract, internal guidelines and written instructions of the board of directors.
f) Pay, holding the board decision and general assembly meeting and negotiation books, annual activity report and corporate governance arrangement of the statement and presentation to the general assembly, preparation of general assembly meetings and execution of the general assembly decisions.
g) Notification to the court in the presence of debt inship status.
3. Loss of capital, debt-sinking
a) Call and notification load
ARTICLE 376- (1) If it is found from the last annual balance sheet that half of the sum of capital and statutory reserve slips are unrequited due to losses, the board of directors calls the general assembly to the meeting immediately and presents the remedial measures it deems appropriate to this general assembly.
(2) According to the last annual balance sheet, if it is understood that two-thirds of the sum of capital and statutory reserves is unrequited due to losses, the company will automatically terminate unless the general assembly called to the meeting is satisfied with one third of the capital or decides to complete the capital.
(3) (Varied: 26/6/2012-6335/16 md.) If there are signs that the company is in a debt-to-debt state, the board of directors will issue an interim balance sheet on the basis of the continuity of the assets and on the possible sale prices. If it is understood from this balance sheet that the assets are not sufficient to cover the receivables of the company’s creditors, the board of directors shall inform the small business court where the company’s headquarters are located and request the bankruptcy of the company.
It turns out that before the bankruptcy decision was made, the creditors of the company’s debts, which would cover the company’s deficit and eliminate the debt-riding status, would be placed in the next order of the creditors in the order of their receivables. have been accepted in writing and the validity, authenticity and validity of this statement or contract shall be verified by the court-appointed experts to which the bankruptcy request will be declared by the board of directors. Otherwise, the application made to the court for an expert examination shall be accepted as a bankruptcy notice.
b) postponement of bankruptcy
ARTICLE 377- (1) The Board of Directors or any creditor may request a postponement of bankruptcy by submitting to the court an improvement project showing objective and real resources and measures, including the introduction of new cash capital. In this case, articles 179 to 179/b of the Code of Execution and Bankruptcy shall apply.
4. Early detection and management of risk
ARTICLE 378- (1) In companies whose shares are traded on the stock exchange, the board of directors shall be able to identify the company’s existence, development and continuation of the early identification of the causes, the necessary measures and remedies and to manage the risk, it is obligated to establish a committee, run and develop the system. In other companies, this committee is established immediately if the auditor deems it necessary and informs the board of directors in writing and submits its first report at the end of a month following its establi shment. (2) The Committee evaluates the situation in its report to the board of directors every two months, indicates the dangers, if any, and shows remedies. The report is also sent to the auditor.
5. The company accepts its shares as acquisitions or pledges
a) In general
ARTICLE 379- (1) A company shall not accept its shares as acquisitions and pledges in excess of one-tenth of its principal or issued capital or in excess of a transaction. This provision also applies to shares that a third party accepts on its behalf, but only as a acquisition or pledge to the company account.
(2) In order for the shares to be accepted as acquisitions or pledges in accordance with the provision of the first paragraph, the general assembly must authorize the board of directors. In this authority, which will be valid for a maximum of five years, the upper and lower limit of the price payable to the shares to be paid with the total prestige values of the shares to be considered as acquisitions or pledges is specified by specifying the number of prestige. In each permit request, the board of directors states that the legal requirements have been met.
(3) In addition to the terms of the first and second paragraphs, after deducting the costs of the shares to be acquired, the remaining company net asset, the sum of the remaining capital, at least principal or issued capital and reserve stakes not permitted to be distributed in accordance with the law and the original contract should be up to.
(4) In accordance with the foregoing provisions, only shares whose fees have been paid may be acquired.
(5) The provisions contained in the above paragraphs shall also apply in the event of the acquisition of the shares of the parent company by the puppy company. About companies whose share stakes are traded on the stock exchange, the Capital Markets Board makes the necessary arrangements in terms of transparency principles and rules regarding price.
b) Cheating against the law
ARTICLE 380- (1) For the purpose of acquiring shares, the company’s legal proceedings with another person, subject to advance, loan or collateral, are superstitious. This butlan provision shall apply to transactions involved in the business matters of credit and financial institutions and to the legal proceedings relating to the issuance of advances, loans and guarantees to employees of the company or its affiliates in order to acquire the shares of the company. Apply. However, these exceptional transactions reduce the reserve stakes that the company has to allocate according to the law and its original contract, or violate the rules regarding the expenditure of reserve slips issued in Article 519, and it is invalid if it does not allow it to separate the reserve.
(2) Furthermore, the company and the third party have been made between the company and the third party, and the company’s shares; an arrangement that gives the right to take into account the company in which the company, a company or company owns the majority of its shares, or foresees such an obligation, if the company had taken these shares, the transaction would have been considered contrary to Article 379. It’s superstitious.
c) Preventing a near and serious loss
ARTICLE 381- (1) If necessary to avoid a close and serious loss, a company may acquire its shares without the decision of the general assembly on authorisation in accordance with Article 379.
(2) In the event of the acquisition of shares in this way, the board of directors shall be entitled to the first general assembly;
a) the reason and purpose of the acquisition,
b) the number of the shares acquired, the sum of their prestige and how much of the capital it represents,
c) written information about the price and payment terms, Gives.
ARTICLE 382- (1) If a company is enforcing the provisions of Article 473 to 475 regarding the reduction of its principal or issued capital, without being bound by the provisions of Article 379;
a) if it is required by the Rule of Cumulative succession,
b) from a statutory purchase burden
c) If all of the fees are paid and are for the purpose of collecting a company’s receivable from the executor,
d) the Company may acquire its shares if it is a securities company.
e) Modest acquisition
ARTICLE 383- (1) A company may acquire its shares without prepree, provided that all of its costs have been paid. (2) The provision of the first paragraph shall also be applied by comparison if the baby company acquires the shares of the parent company without any modesty.
Article 384- (1) According to the provisions of article 382 (b) to (d) and article 383, the acquired shares shall be disposed of within three years of their acquisition, as soon as their transfer is possible without causing any loss for the company; As it turns out, the sum of these shares owned by the company and the baby company should not exceed ten percent of the company’s principal or issued capital.
g) Disposal in the case of contrary acquisition
ARTICLE 385- (1) Shares acquired or taken as hostages in contravention of articles 379 to 381 shall be disposed of or held hostage no later than six months from the date of their acquisition or acceptance as hostages.
h) Reduction of capital
Article 386- (1) Shares that cannot be disposed of in accordance with articles 384 and 385 shall be immediately destroyed by the reduction of capital.i) The reserved provisions ARTICLE 387- (1) The provisions of other laws concerning the acquisition of the Company’s shares are reserved.
i) Prohibition of committing their shares
ARTICLE 388- (1) The Company cannot undertake its shares.
(2) The third party or a puppy company’s commitment to the company’s share in its own name but to the company’s account shall be deemed to be the company’s own share.
(3) In the event of a violation of the first and second paragraphs, the founders of such shares shall be deemed to have committed the shares in the capital increases and they shall be responsible for the share prices. Founders who prove that they have no flaws in unlawful commitment and board members are relieved of responsibility for capital increases.
(4) The provisions of the first and third paragraphs shall apply in comparison to the young companies that undertake the shares of the parent company. These shares are considered to have been committed by the board members of the puppy company. Members are responsible for the share price.
j) Exercise of rights
ARTICLE 389- (1) The shares of the parent company acquired by the baby company with its own shares acquired by the Company are not taken into account in calculating the meeting rate of the general assembly of the parent company. Except for the acquisition of free shares, the company’s own shares inherited do not give any share ownership rights. Voting rights for the parent company shares acquired by the young company and the rights associated with it are frozen.
This artcile shows how board of directors is shaped and what responsibilities they have got. Also showing represantation way of board to outside of company. At this link you can learn how decisions can be taken by board in detail; https://kurums.com/en/management-board-decision/
If you’re having trouble having space on your computer or mobile phone, it’s a good idea to read my blog. When you say pictures, office application files, there’s no room for setting up a new app. We’ll focus on a few different cloud storage solutions and features.
Solution 1:Google Photos
Back up to 16MP and 1080p HD photos and videos unlimited and free of charge. You can access these photos and videos from any phone, tablet, or computer by going to photos.google.com. you can store up to 15gb of free photos and videos in their original form with google drive integration.
In addition to free storage, Google’s technological infrastructure is also evident here. If you want to see photos taken in the sea view thanks to advanced search, just type the sea instead of the call. He already sorts photos by person and gives you access to whoever you want in your archive. It allows you to reach your desired date quickly with the timeline. The google assistant can also prepare beautiful surprises from your memories by adding music to collages itself. It’s a nice alternative that you get a chance to edit photos.
Solution 2:Google Drive
Google Drive is a file backup solution. two versions are available; individually and commercially.
You can access the product from both the computer and the mobile app. All your files are always at hand and are easy to share, providing great comfort. At the same time, you’re getting cloud redundancy, so you’re not worried about anything coming to your hardware.
One of my favorite features is that you can easily share large files. You can only share a file of gb size by giving a link. If you want to share, as anyone can see it, or the people you authorize your email to see.
One drive offers 5gb of free membership, while 100gb costs USD 1.99 per month. When taken with Microsoft office products, you can achieve a greater volume, more economical and space-
Many universities collaborate with Microsoft to get their students to use microsoft products for free, so be sure to take advantage of this opportunity if you are a student. Considering that there are 2.7 million Anatolian university students (including open education) in our country, it is necessary to take advantage of these opportunities provided by universities. You can also gain the advantage of many online memberships with your edu mail address.
Box, which comes across as a content management application. In this business, he emphasizes himself with his solutions for the business world. For companies that generate large amounts of data, artificial intelligence and machine learning extracts data from your data so that you can sort it out of your data.
It also has a product for workflow and process automation.
The price tariff is as on this table in the individual:
Amazon has now established a large internet ecosystem, one of the largest storage providers in the internet world. Prime membership offers many services under the umbrella of reaching many people. With prime membership only, it provides unlimited storage for your photos and 5gb of space for videos. Other paid memberships include:
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How to make the Decision of the Board of Directors will be processed in this article. In terms of Joint Stock and Limited Companies, the board of directors should be considered when making the decision in this article.
Decision of the Board of Directors of Joint Stock Companies
Validity of the board decision
ARTICLE 390- (1) In the absence of an aggravating provision contrary to the original contract, the board of directors shall convene with the majority of the full number of members and take its decisions with the majority of the members present at the meeting. This rule also applies if the board of directors is made electronically.
(2) Members of the Board of Directors may not vote on the representative of each other, nor may they participate in meetings through a proxy.
(3) If the votes are equal, that issue will be left to the next meeting. If there is equality in the second meeting, the proposal is considered rejected.
(4) If none of the members request a meeting, the decisions of the board of directors may also be made by obtaining the written approval of the majority of the full number of members, written in the form of a decision, made by one of the board members on a particular issue. The fact that the same proposal has been made to all members of the board of directors is a condition of the validity of the decision to be taken in this way.
Approvals are not necessarily on the same paper; however, it is necessary for the validity of the decision to affix all the papers containing the approval signatures to the board decision book or to be converted into a decision containing the signatures of the acceptors and put them in the decision book.
(5) The validity of the decisions depends on whether they have been written and signed.
ARTICLE 391- (1) It may be requested from the court to determine that the decision of the board of directors is superstitious. In particular, it’s not the
a) Contrary to the principle of equal treatment, b) Does not comply with the basic structure of the joint stock company or does not observe the principle of protection of capital, c) violates or restricts or complicates the use of shareholders’ rights, in particular, d) entering into the non-transferable powers of other bodies and relating to the transfer of such powers, decisions are superstitious.
Prohibition of participating in the decision
ARTICLE 393- (1) A member of the Board of Directors shall not participate in negotiations on matters in which the personal and external interests of the company conflict with the personal and external interests of one of his or her own or his lower and upper descendants, or of his wife or one of his or her third-degree blood and beech hustle, including third degree.
This prohibition also applies when the honesty rule requires the member of the board of directors not to participate in the negotiation. In cases of hesitation, the board of directors decides. The member concerned cannot participate in this vote. Even if the conflict of interest is not known by the board of directors, the member concerned must explain it and abide by the ban.
(2) The member of the board of directors acting contrary to these provisions and members who do not object to the participation of the member concerned while the conflict of interest is objectively present and known, and the members of the board of directors who decide to attend the meeting are therefore liable to indemnify the company for any damages incurred by the company.
(3) The reason for not participating in the negotiation due to prohibition and the related transactions shall be written to the decision of the board of directors.
How to Make a Decision of the Board of Directors in Limited Companies?
The governing body of limited companies is the directors (TTK m.623). The management and representation of the company is regulated by the company contract and may be given to one or more persons who are the directors. What should be noted here is that at least one limited company partner must have the authority to manage and represent the company.
If there are more than one director of the company, one of the directors will be appointed by the general assembly as chairman of the board of directors, regardless of whether he or she is a partner of the company (TCC m.624/1).
The main rule in terms of managers’ decisions is that if more than one manager is present, decisions are taken mostly and in the event of equality, the president’s vote is considered superior (TCC m.624/3). Although this is the main rule, the company contract may foresee a different arrangement for managers to make decisions, not to be below the minimum threshold.
Of course, the president, who exercises the superior right of vote in the event of equality, will have a heavier responsibility over other directors regarding the decision.
In the case of equality in the decisions of the board of directors of joint stock companies, while the chairman of the board of directors does not have the superior voting right and otherwise no arrangement can be made, the chairman of the board of directors in the case of equality in the decision of the board of directors of limited companies has the superior voting right. The following article on this subject is detailed with this topic below.
Blokchain has been a great ecosystem for a wor, which is in everyone’s mouth, which has little history, many people are curious, trying to become an expert, trying to turn the corner shortly with crypto currency, trying to create benefits with technology, blockchain. Billions of dollars have come out of centralist banking systems around the world and are moving around in these smart contracts. Let’s get to know this world well with a series of articles. This series of articles will be a series of articles with social flow, not static. In tanting this world, we will learn and share your experiences and opinions together using social media as much as possible. Let’s get on with it. My writing will be like a conversation, and I’ll tell you why in the future.
This term, which is translated in our language with the meaning of direct spelling in the form of blockchain, seems to touch many points in our lives. Let’s dig a little deeper instead of ordinary narratives. In the past, innovations were so limited that the events of the two centuries were characterised as the genius of the century. Now our pace of renewal and change is so high that even ten years is a long time to become obsolete in many subjects. In the changes we experience quickly, there are technologies that evolve by touching lives. Let’s refresh our memories, let those who don’t know learn; Let’s start with the basics
Network structure-Peer to Peer
As the internet spread and accelerated, media consumption spread rapidly. Piles of what we call big data are starting to form. There was a need for data downloads by gbs, governments trying to enact deterrent laws to protect data owners’ copyrights. So those who don’t want to walk in the snow in the middle of all this and track them down, i.e. those who want to consume pirated media, have started to create P2P (Peer to Peer-to-Person) networks to get behind it. Media were disintegrated from networked computers and became a whole on the computer of the last downloader. The first infrastructure of the peer to peer block chain network structure was thus discarded as it is best known.
As the Internet accelerated, so did the data. It’s also hard to keep their accounting, i.e. a record. Big data leaks were encountered. It became difficult to determine the accuracy of a data, whether it had been altered. Here, the foundation stones of the structure, which is not a cure for every trouble but which is the cure for these problems, have been thrown. The robustness of the data was extracted and a large cryptographic network structure was created. It’s called blockchain. Who invented the blockchain? In this question, here is a question that never ends. His nickname is Satoshi Nakamoto. My guess is that when the system itself was anonymous, when the system was branched out and trimmed, the claimants were unable to prove it. But according to recent reports, Craig Wright seems to be alleged; Link to the news: https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler/2016/05/160502_bitcoin_craig_wright Do you think Satoshi alone designed the blockchain? Or is it a bigger team effort?